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In the last few decades, the medical profession, and psychiatry specifically, has made a concerted effort to shift the vernacular to the official DSM diagnostic term of bipolar disorder. There are a number of reasons cited for this shift, including:. Dealing with racing thoughts? Always feeling tired? Our guide offers strategies to help you or your loved one live better with bipolar disorder. Sign up for our newsletter and get it free.

Depressive and Bipolar Disorders: Crash Course Psychology #30

Stephens, S. More in Bipolar Disorder. What Does "Manic Depression" Mean? The Types of Bipolar Episodes. Manic depression has generally been used to denote a wide array of mental illnesses, and as classification systems have become more sophisticated, the new term of bipolar disorder allows for more clarity in a diagnosis. The terms "manic" and "mania" have been greatly stigmatized. Consider popular phrases such as "Manic Monday," Animaniacs, homicidal maniac, and the like.

Similarly, the term "depression" is used flippantly by the general public for periods of sadness that don't really qualify as clinical depression. Bipolar disorder is more of a clinical term and therefore, less emotionally loaded. The term manic depression excludes the cyclothymic or hypomanic bipolar II disorder versions of the disorder. There are four types of bipolar disorder recognized in DSM They include:. Bipolar I disorder: For this type to be diagnosed, you must have manic or mixed episodes lasting at least a week or manic symptoms that were severe enough that you needed to be hospitalized.

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Depressive episodes are often present too. Bipolar disorder not otherwise specified BP-NOS : In BP-NOS , you have symptoms of bipolar that don't fulfill the criteria necessary for a diagnosis of any of the other three kinds of bipolar and your symptoms are clearly not normal behavior for you. The Different Classifications of Bipolar Disorder.

How Manic Depression Became Bipolar Disorder

Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! All care plans must include a crisis plan. CPA should be available if you have a wide range of needs from different services or you are thought to be a high risk. Both you and your GP should be given a copy of your care plan. Your carers can be involved in your care plan and given a copy if you give your consent for this to happen. You can learn to manage your symptoms by looking after yourself.

A History of the Pharmacological Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

Self-care is how you take care of your diet, sleep, exercise, daily routine, relationships and how you are feeling. Making small lifestyle changes can improve your wellbeing and can help your recovery. Routine helps many people with their mental wellbeing. It will help to give a structure to your day and may give you a sense of purpose. This could be a simple routine such as eating at the same time each day, going to bed at the same time each day and buying food once per week. Your healthcare professionals should give you advice about exercise and diet and sleep.

You could join a support group. A support group is where people come together to share information, experiences and give each other support. You might be able to find a local group by searching online. The charity Bi-polar UK have an online support group. They also have face to face support groups in some areas of the country. Rethink Mental Illness have support groups in some areas.


You can find out what is available in your area by clicking here. Recovery colleges are part of the NHS. They offer free courses about mental health to help you manage your symptoms. They can help you to take control of your life and become an expert in your own wellbeing and recovery. You can usually self-refer to a recovery college. But the college may inform your care team. Unfortunately, recovery colleges are not available in all areas. To see if there is a recovery college in your area you can use a search engine such as Google.

Learning to spot early signs of mania or depression is important in self-management. The idea of the WRAP is to help you stay well and achieve what you would like to.

The WRAP looks at areas like how you are affected by your illness and what you could do to manage them. There are guides that can help with this.

Bipolar Disorder Signs and Symptoms

You can ask your healthcare professional to make one with you or ask them for a template of one. The risk of suicide is most high during your first year of contact with the mental health team. You are more likely to try to take your own life if you have a history of attempted suicide and depression. It is important that you get the right treatment for your symptoms of depression and have an up to date crisis plan.

If you have mania or hypomania you may struggle to manage your finances. You may spend lots of money without thinking about the effect that it may have on your life. This means that you pick someone that you trust to manage your finances if you lack mental capacity to manage them by yourself. People with bipolar disorder have a higher rate of physical illnesses such as diabetes and heart disease.

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You should have a physical health check at least once every year. Drinking alcohol, smoking or taking other drugs while taking medication could stop your medication working properly and make your symptoms worse. You must stop driving if you have an episode of severe depression, hypomania, mania or psychosis. You can speak to your GP. You should be given your own assessment through the community mental health team to work out what effect your caring role is having on your health. And what support you need. Such as practical support and emergency support.

As a carer you should be involved in decisions about care planning. The medical team should encourage the person that you care for to allow information to be shared with you. You might find it easier to support someone with bipolar disorder if you understand their symptoms, treatment plan and self-management techniques. You could ask them to share this information with you. The person that you care for may also have a care plan. This outlines the care that they will get and who is responsible for it.

A care plan should always have a crisis plan. A crisis plan will have information about who to contact if they become unwell. Psychosis is a medical term used to describe hearing or seeing things that do not exist, or believing things that other people do not. Common examples include hearing voices or believing that people are trying to do you harm.

Learn more What is psychosis? Everyone has ups and downs.